Academy of Health The Senses Cultural Academy of Health site is for those families in which a child has a disorder such as autism, Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, 22q syndrome, ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) or other type of significant delay in development or learning. Many of these syndromes or disorders, except ADHD) result in intellectual disability (formerly referred to as “mental retardation”) and/or serious behavior problems. Most of these disorders result from genetic mutations or problems with the chromosomes. In some instances, the environment contributes to a child’s learning or development problems. Sometimes, we simply don’t know the cause.